Powerful as a crane, who loves muddy fountain
Most of us know elephants to be the largest living land animal on the earth that belong to the family Eliphantdae. On this World Elephant Day let’s learn a few more things about this beautiful creature.
• There are two species of elephants Asian and African. But how can we recognize the difference? Well there is simple way to recognize the difference between these two species. Asian elephants are slightly smaller and have smaller rounded ears as compared to African Elephants.
• These pachyderms are gifted with the ability to listen from their feet. Elephants produce vibrations in the ground that are picked up as the sub-sonic resounds by other elephants through their feet enabling them to listen through their feet.
• A social creature, this colossal mammal is highly sensitive as well as caring for their calves. • Male elephants keep on growing throughout their lives and stay aloof from the herd and can be quite aggressive whereas female elephants live in a herd.
• They possess an incredible memory and with a highly developed brain they are considered to be very intelligent creatures.
• They are very good swimmers and love to play in water and mud and can use their trunk as a snorkel to breathe when submerged into water.
• In very young elephants the tusks are preceded by a pair of milk-tusks which are soon shed.
• Males with poor development of tusks are known in India as Makhna and males with developed tusks are known as Dauntela.
• They express grief and joy and use their trunk to greet and sometimes even hug each other. They also make funeral and pay homage to the dead elephants by either gently touching the skull or standing still.
• Elephants form an integral part of our ecosystem and support life in various ways.
• The water holes they dig are used by many animals to drink water which enable them to survive.
• Even their dung can be quite useful for the ecosystem as it contains the seeds of the various plants they eat and when the dung deposits it gives way for the new grass to grow.
Courtesy : Malvika Verma