Some interesting and amazing facts about Rhinoceros (Rhinocerotidae)


  • Besides Giraffe, Rhinoceros is the only other living animal endowed with a horn situated in the middle line of the skull.
  • The horn of a Rhinoceros is formed of adhesive hair, and is not firmly attached to the bones of the skull.
  • There are five species of Rhinoceros, two African and three Asian. The African species includes the White and Black Rhinoceros with two horns whereas the Asian species includes the Indian or the Great one-horned Rhinoceros, the Javan Rhinoceros and the Sumatran Rhinoceros being the other two Asian species. Sumatran Rhinoceros also possesses two horns.
  • In ancient times, there used to be a species of Rhinoceros known as Woolly Rhinoceros which are now extinct.
  • In Hindustani language, the Indian Rhinoceros is known as Gargadan; Karkadan in Punjabi language and Gonda in Bengali.
  • In all the living Rhino species there are three toes to each foot with the middle one being the larger one than either of the others.
  • Rhinoceros loves mud-bath and they usually plaster themselves over with mud of some swamp or pool.
  • In Cooch Behar district of India, a female rhino horn was obtained, measuring 16.5 inches in length, which is the record of that sex.
  • It is usually believed that rhinoceros use horns as their weapon. But it has been observed that besides using their horn, they also use their triangular and sharply-pointed tusks as their weapons.
  • Rhinoceros are herbivorous, nibbling on foliage, fruits and grass feeding mostly during morning and evening and the heat of the day is usually passed in slumber.
  • Rhinoceros can live up to 50 years and can weigh up to 2 tons. Their gestation period is of 16 to 18 months. They are threatened species, poached mainly for their horns and such a long gestation period is also one of the hindrances in restoring their population.

Courtesy : Malvika Verma

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