Chitwan National Park
Chitwan National Park is located in the foothills of Himalayas, endowed with diverse flora and fauna flourishing in the most fertile region of Nepal called Chitwan valley. The valley is bounded by Mahabharat range up-north and Churia-Shiwalik hills in south which forms the international boundary with India. Chitwan National Park, famously known as the land of Rhinos or heart of the jungle is a 932 sq.km of protected core area along the courses of Naraynai and Rapti River channels. The park was formed in 1973, subsequently designated as UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1984 to protect the unique Terai habitats known to be a home to diverse flora and fauna. The 2016 census has declared a population of 635 rhinos, 120 Royal Bengal Tigers along with a rising number of critically endangered Ghariyal Crocodiles. The park is home to three protected reptiles of Nepal namely Ghariyal Crocodile, Golden Monitor Lizard and the Indian Rock Python.
The park to its prestige has two successful years of no-poaching and a global recognition for bringing ecotourism to Nepal. Chitwan’s accessibility, diversity and liberty for the enthusiasts to walk inside the forest lure many to make it the most visited park of Nepal. The forest is characterized by the mix of Sal (deciduous), Riverine and Grassland habitats.
The prime wildlife attraction of the park is the Greater One-Horned Rhino, Royal Bengal Tiger, Asiatic Elephants, Leopards and Sloth Bears. Along with it, 583 species of birds including winter and summer migrants from Indian Subcontinent, Russia and Africa also add to the charm of the forest. The park also has an endemic species of Nepal–the Spiny Babbler and other attractive residents such as the Great Hornbill, Lesser Adjutant, Black Stork, Red-headed Trogon, Kalij Pheasant and Bengal Florican.